Chlamydia is undoubtedly one of the most common sexually transmitted infections, especially in women under 25 years of age. When untreated, Chlamydia trachomatis infection can spread to the uterus and fallopian tubes. It can then cause chronic inflammation of the tubes (salpingitis) and lead to infertility. Infection also increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy and preterm birth in pregnant women.
In men, the disease can move along the urethra and reach the testes and prostate. Detecting an infection in time can prevent these complications. Screening is therefore recommended after unprotected sex. The test can be performed at home using Chlamydia self-test kit, in a screening center, a family planning center or through a doctor.
Screening involves the analysis of a urine sample or vaginal secretions (self-sampling) for the presence of the bacteria. This is a quick test, which is painless. Note that a standard urine test does not detect chlamydia unless specifically requested. If Chlamydia trachomatis is detected, the infected person’s partner should also be tested and treated.
In addition, the infections weaken the genital mucosa and increase the risk of contracting or transmitting other STIs, including HIV/AIDS. All STIs are then tested if a Chlamydia trachomatis infection is detected.
Symptoms of this infection include bleeding out of the menses, pelvic pain, cervical infection, or even salpingitis (tubal inflammation) or urinary tract infection. Men develop urethritis (inflammation of the urethra), urinary tract infection and testicular pain.
Options For Chlamydia Home Test Kits
The way to block these symptoms and any serious complications is to test (Chlamydia home testing) and receive treatment. The latter is based on the prescription of antibiotics. As for screening, today there are very effective tests from a simple urinary, vaginal or spermatic sample, which can be easily done at home. This is a real progress because until the end of the 1990s, screening required an endo-cervical sample taken by a doctor.
At the time, the acceptability of new screening tests and the frequency of infections were not known. Today, new data confirmed the value of systematic screening in this population.
As for the acceptability of the new screening tests, it has proved to be very good, practical and easy. Women even have a preference for vaginal tests at home (inserting a swab in the vagina) compared to the urine sample. The sample should be taken to the medical analysis laboratory for interpretation. It should be noted that Chlamydia home testing has the advantage of being less expensive, portable, feasible at any time and more sensitive.
Individuals are required to avoid urinating at least for two hours prior to the home test. Screening tests and vaginal self-sampling is suitable for routine screening.
This sexually transmitted infection is very contagious. It is transmitted through unprotected sex, including vaginal, anal or oral sex with or without ejaculation. It may be enough for a single report to be contaminated by the bacteria. The disease may go undetected because it is very often asymptomatic (devoid of symptoms). The possible symptoms are also generally discrete.
In men, tingling or burning sensation when urinating, light-colored flows through the urethra (the outlet channel of the bladder) and pain in the penis, pharynx or rectum. In women, tingling or itching in the genitals, abnormal vaginal flow (unusual color, abundance, texture or odor), vaginal bleeding after intercourse and between menstruation and pain in the lower abdomen or during intercourse (sign of complication).
Chlamydia Testing & Treatment Of Infections
If the screening revealed an infection, treatment with antibiotics is proposed to the patient and partner. In the absence of complications, physicians prescribe a single dose treatment consisting of our tablets. However, infected people remain contagious for a few days. Sexual intercourse should, therefore, be avoided or protected by wearing a condom. This must be done the week following antibiotic use.
If the infection has spread to the fallopian tubes, treatment is longer and additional tests are usually required. It is essential that the infection is treated as soon as possible to prevent it from causing infertility.
Prevention Of Chlamydia
There is no vaccine against Chlamydia infections. The treatment does not protect against new contamination and it is possible to be infected several times during one’s life.
The only way to protect against infection is to use condoms (including oral sex). In addition, after taking a risk or in case of multiple partners, screening can detect the infection as quickly as possible and not contaminate other people without knowing it.
Trichomoniasis (infection by trichomonads) is a worldwide sexually transmitted disease (STD). This type of infection can lead to vaginal, bladder or pelvic inflammation. It is not dangerous and it’s easy to treat. According to estimates by the World Health Organization (WHO), around 170 million people worldwide are infected with trichomonads every year. The infection is thus one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases.
Trichomoniasis is caused by microorganisms, especially by the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. This one settles predominantly in the sex organs of humans and is transferred by sexual contact by direct mucosal contact with an infected person in unprotected intercourse. Patients who are already infected with other sexually transmitted diseases, such as chlamydia, syphilis or HIV have a particularly high risk of becoming infected with trichomonads.
Key Factors Of Chlamydia And Home Testing
Chlamydia is spread through unprotected sex such as vaginal, anal, or oral sex. This infection can also be transmitted through the sharing of sexual accessories. The bacterium is present in the mucous membranes of the infected individual (this is the red tissue inside the vagina, penis, anus, eyes or mouth), sperm and vaginal fluid. When one is exposed to any of the aforementioned parts of a person infected with chlamydia, the risk of contracting the infection is higher.
Can I contract chlamydia during oral sex? The answer is yes. Sperm, vaginal fluid and mucous membranes of the anus may contain the bacteria. Therefore, during unprotected oral sex, there is a risk that the infection spreading from the genitals to the mouth or from the anus to the mouth.
However, the tissues of the genitals are much more likely to contain bacteria than the mouth and throat. It is for this reason that there is less risk of getting chlamydia through an oral report.
Can I contract chlamydia during an anal intercourse? The answer is yes. If the sperm of an infected person comes into contact with the mucous membranes of the anus, the infection can be transmitted. The transmission can also be carried out in an opposite way from the anus of an infected person to the penis of his partner.
Can I get chlamydia when sharing sex toys? Yes. Failure to properly clean one’s sexual accessories or to use a condom creates a risk that the secretions of the vagina or the anal issue can transmit the infection from one person to another.